What is the difference - Plumeria Cuttings, Rooted Plants and Grafted Plants
Plumeria can be propagated through rooting cuttings, grafted cuttings to existing plumeria root stock or grown from seed. Because of genetic variation associated with sexual reproduction, plumeria started from seed do not hold true to the parent plants. Plumeria grown from seeds often take two to four years to flower and some can take much longer. As such, the use of cuttings is typically the preferred commercial-propagation method because it is fast and easy. Cuttings will produce an exact reproduction of the donor plumeria. If grafted the root stock will not change the characteristics of the original cutting.
A Plumeria Cutting is the tip of a branch cut from a donor plumeria, usually about 10"-18" long depending on the donor plumeria growing habit. Cuttings do not have roots, but have been allowed to callus (callusing allow the cutting to form a tissue that allows roots to grow) Florida Colors Nursery sells cuttings in the Spring and Summer months. Cutting need time to grow a sufficient root system to last them through their winter dormancy. Cuttings made specifically for grafting are called scion and are 6"-10" long depending on the donor plumeria. A plumeria cutting will eventually have to be rooted or grafted for it to survive.
A Rooted Plumeria is a plumeria cutting that has been rooted and allowed to grow its own root system. Under good rooting conditions plumeria cuttings will form roots in 6-8 weeks or may take many months in cool climates. When you see 3 or 4 full leaves it will most likely have roots. Rooted plants should be allowed to grow roots for at least 3 months prior to winter dormancy.
A Grafted Plumeria is a plumeria cutting (scion) that has been grafted to an already mature root system (rootstock). You should see leaves growing within 2 weeks, an indication the the graft took. It takes about 6 to 8 weeks after grafting before we feel it is ready to ship. Grafted plants are grafted to root systems approximately 18 to 24 months old, depending on the diameter of the Cutting.
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